What is Rubella?
Rubella is a very contagious viral infection. The Rubella virus, sometimes known as German measles, primarily affects children and young people. Rubella is a disease spread through airborne droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Rubella symptoms, especially in toddlers, are frequently too minor to notice. The symptoms occur 2-3 weeks after the Rubella virus has been exposed, and they might last anywhere from 1-5 days and include:
- ● Fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.9 degrees Celsius) or less
- ● Headache
- ● Nose congestion or runny nose
- ● Eyes that are inflamed and red
- ● Lymph nodes near the skull base, the back of the neck, and behind the ears are enlarged and sensitive.
- ● A pink rash that starts from the face and spreads fast to the trunk, arms, and legs before receding in the same order.
- ● Pains and aches in the joints, especially in young women
Rubella has no medication that can slow down the disease’s course. This infection normally has minimal symptoms and does not require treatment. According to physicians, infected patients should self-isolate for the duration to limit the spread of the virus.
However, a pregnant woman infected with Rubella should talk to her doctor about the hazards to her fetus. If she wishes to keep the pregnancy going, she’ll be given a shot of hyper-immune globulin (antibodies) to help fight the illness.
IgG antibodies test determines whether you have the antibodies needed to combat the rubella virus in your blood. If you have IgG in your blood, it suggests you’ve had the disease before or have been vaccinated against it. If your doctor suspects you have Rubella, you will be requested to do this test.
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After the first two weeks after a single dosage, the Rubella vaccine begins to work, and 95 percent of those who receive the Rubella injection become immune. The Rubella vaccine, according to the WHO, should be included in routine vaccines.
Although infection and damage can occur in any organ system, the classic rubella syndrome is defined by a combination of cardiac, ophthalmic, and hearing abnormalities. The incidence of new cases of congenital Rubella has decreased dramatically since the introduction of efficient immunization.
A combination of branch pulmonary artery stenosis & patent ductus arteriosus is the most prevalent cardiac defect in rubella syndrome. However, solitary branch pulmonary artery stenosis is twice as common as isolated patent ductus arteriosus.
- ● First, the pulmonary arteries themselves may have isolated or numerous stenoses.
- ● Second, the division of the pulmonary trunk may be involved.
- ● Stenosis could be caused by a membrane that sits directly over the pulmonary valve.
Suppose your child was born with congenital rubella syndrome. In that case, you can actively assist him in his recovery. As you work with the team of the best cardiologists in Bangalore to develop a treatment plan, gaining a basic grasp of the illness is a helpful first step.
If you’re thinking about starting a family, double-check your vaccination records to ensure you’ve had your MMR shot. Rubella is a life-threatening disease. It can cause death or major birth problems in a developing fetus if you get it while pregnant, especially during the first trimester. The most prevalent cause of congenital deafness is Rubella during pregnancy. It’s better to be rubella-free before getting pregnant.
There is no cure for Rubella or a way to lessen its duration. However, the infection’s symptoms are moderate in most cases and can be easily treated with fever-reducing medicine and bed rest. In such cases having a health card can be beneficial as it takes care of your health expenditures.